Albert Bierstadt was born in Germany and, after his family moved to America, was raised in New Bedford, Massachusetts. In 1853 he returned to Germany to study in Dusseldorf where he produced a number of paintings of the Alpine landscape. Returning to the United States in 1857, Bierstadt joined a survey expedition travelling West. It was on this trip, through taking numerous photographs and many sketches, when he fell in love with the American landscape. Upon his return to New York these notes were transformed into giant canvases.
With paintings such as ‘Mountain of the Mist’ and ‘The Sierra Nevada in California’, Bierstadt created epic and highly romanticised paintings of the American landscape. The detail and his use of dramatic lighting led to him becoming one of the most renowned landscape artists of his generation.